State of the art waste management in Ankara, TurkeyState of the art waste management in Ankara, Turkey
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CategoryCategory Biogas   CarbonCarbon
ca. 550,000 tCO2e p.a.

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Türkei StatusStatus VER


The project mainly consists of the collection of landfill gas and its conversion into electricity and the far less harmful carbon dioxide.


Climate protection:


Located close to Ankara, the Mamak landfill serves a population of 3.6 million people. Currently, approximately 3,500 tons of waste are dumped there per day. Since 1980, more than 20 million tons of waste have been deposited.


In the landfill, the organic part of the waste decays under anaerobic conditions, producing landfill gas as a by-product. Landfill gas consists mainly of methane, a highly potent greenhouse gas, and carbon dioxide. To prevent an unwanted escape of the landfill gas from the ground into the atmosphere, the landfill is covered with a foil to capture and collect the gas.


In a next step, the gas is burned and the resulting heat used to drive a turbine which in turn generates electricity. As a result, the project helps to mitigate around 550,000 tons of CO2 each year – that equals the amount of CO2 that around 160,000 cars in Germany emit on average each year.


Supported by carbon finance, this project not only helps to clean up the legacies of the past. It also provides a powerful and clean solution for the challenges of the future. 


Social and ecological benefit:


Waste management at the Mamak landfill, however, goes far beyond the collection and utilization of methane gas.


A waste separation and recycling plant allows the recovery of valuable resources and reducing the amount of waste going to the landfill in the first place.


In addition to the treatment of the landfill gas, a leachate collection system traps water seeping through the landfill body before it can reach (and often pollute) the groundwater.


The creation of more than 200 long-term jobs at the landfill gas system shows once again, that the interest of local people in sustainable economic development and climate protection can go hand in hand.


Further Information on the founding of this project by the World Bank can be found here